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INCONTINENCE INFORMATION       Old Trail Sales LLC BBB Business Review      USAAB

What is Incontinence?

 Incontinence is the inability to control bodily fluids.  These fluids are most often urine, and or fecal matter and in less cases seminal fluid.  Basically this means that a person can lose to varying degrees the loss of urine, fecal matter or seminal fluid at times they don't want to.  There are many people that experience some type of Incontinence issue at some point in their lives than many people perceive, probably due to the inability of people to discuss the issue due to feelings of embarrassment and or shame.  The two types of Incontinence were going discuss here are Urinary Incontinence and Fecal Incontinence.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence is defined as a person’s inability to control purging urine.  This purging or leakage of urine can be full streams or just a few drops.  There are a few primary types of Urinary Incontinence which affect millions of people most which are predominately women.  The Types of Urinary Incontinence are: Stress Incontinence; Urge Incontinence; Functional Incontinence and Over Flow Incontinence.  These types of Incontinence can effect different organs in the body and cause how the urine is leaked.  Many people can experience multiple types of Urinary Incontinence at the same time.     

 Stress Incontinence(Urinary Incontinence)

This type of Incontinence can occur when the body experiences an increase in abdominal pressure when a person exercises, laughs, sneezes or coughs.  There is a weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, usually the sphincter muscle which can be caused by increase pressure during pregnancy and childbirth, enlarged prostate or prostate surgery, some type of pelvic trauma, being overweight or obese or taking certain medications.

 Urge Incontinence(Urinary Incontinence)

This type of Incontinence is also referred to as overactive bladder because the person will experience an urgent need to urinate regardless if the bladder is empty.  Due to damage to the nervous system, the person’s brain will receive a message to urinate even though the bladder may be empty resulting in the person leaking urine because they are unable to get to the bathroom on time.  Some of the diseases that cause Urge Incontinence are: Multiple Sclerosis; Parkinson’s disease; Diabetes; Alzheimer’s disease; enlarged Prostate; spinal cord injuries; urinary track infections and a Stroke. Some women often experience Urge and Stress Incontinence simultaneously resulting in doctor’s referring to this as Mixed Urinary Incontinence.

 Functional Incontinence(Urinary Incontinence)

This type of Incontinence usually effects the older population that has problems such as arthritis or dementia.  The people that suffer from this type of incontinence may not be able to interpret the message that the brain sends when the bladder is full or they may not process the message until it’s too late. Because of this It’s common for people to fully urinate themselves instead of just having a leakage.

 Overflow Incontinence(Urinary Incontinence)

This type of Incontinence is more common in men who have an over flow of urine when the bladder is full and does not empty correctly.  When normal bladder is full a message is sent to the brain to empty the bladder.  The person goes to the bathroom and the bladder is now empty until the bladder is full again resulting in another message to the brain to empty the bladder again.  A person with Overflow Incontinence does not perform this cycle and the bladder remains full resulting in urine being leaked out.  Overflow Incontinence can be caused by: Weak Bladder Muscles; Blockage of the urethra resulting from an enlarged prostate; Tumors and Constipation.

 Fecal Incontinence(Bowel Incontinence)

People with this type of Incontinence have the inability to hold a bowel movement which may result in a small leakage of stool while passing gas to a complete loss of bowel control.  This type of incontinence maybe caused by being constipated or having diarrhea for a long periods of time.



 

What Most Disposable Adult Diapers are made of:

1.         Most disposable adult diapers have what’s called a back sheet made of Polyethylene or a cloth like film which helps liquid (urine) from leaking from the diaper.  There are two reasons that the back sheet is referred to as cloth like;

1. A thin layer of polypropylene sheet that’s added which resembles cloth but    in reality is plastic or

2.  A Breathable cloth-like can material can be added

2.         The pad is the absorbent core of the diaper.  There can be two different carriers for the pad of the adult diaper that consist of tissue paper  or low gage SMS nonwoven materials which are important components of the adult diaper.   The tissue paper carrier consists of tissue paper that is different from the regular bathroom tissue and has a higher elasticity and wet strength.   The low gage SMS nonwoven material as the carrier can be placed right next to the back sheet or as a full wrap material around the core.

3.         There are usually two types of adhesives, the constructive adhesive and the elastomeric adhesive, that glue different components of the adult diaper such as the pad and elastics. The adhesives are made up of mixtures of resins, oils and tackifiers.  The construction adhesive is utilized for the back sheet and the elastomeric adhesive is utilized for the leg and waist foam elastics. The elastomeric adhesive has higher elasticity and bonding strength and is usually more expensive than construction adhesives. In some cases another adhesive is used called pad integrity adhesive to add strength to low absorbent very thin pad inside the adult diaper.

4.          The leg cuffs of the adult diaper is made up of polypropylene resin that’s used as a top sheet and prevents liquid(urine) from passing through.

5.          The Hydrophilic Non-woven is the main top sheet which is the top surface that is in contact with the person’s skin. It allows the liquids to flow into the diaper core.          

6.          Elastics, more commonly known as Spandex are frequently made of polyurethane or polyester foam, synthetic rubber or Lycra that improves the fit of the adult diaper. Due to the stretch properties of Spandex, they are used in cuffs for the waist and the legs and can also be used as lateral side panels and in tape construction.

7.            Adult Diapers are secured to the body by Lateral Tapes.  There is a distinction of the quality of adhesiveness of the Lateral Tapes found on the Adult Diaper.  Velcro type materials also referred as “hook tape” are found in premium diapers and provide a mechanical grip.  Some lower priced diapers have adhesive tapes made of polypropylene which are considered to be inferior to the Velcro.  Some adult diapers use what is called the “target tape” system, where the tape has two adhesive tabs to avoid the need for a frontal tape. This is a cheaper alternative for adult diapers but not as good as the one using a frontal tape which does not require repositioning of the tape on top of the target.

8.             The Frontal Tapes of the adult diaper consist of polypropylene film attached to the front of the diaper.   These tapes are used to assist multiple repositioning of the lateral tapes which prevents tearing of the backsheet. The “hook and loop system”  that can be found in higher quality adult    diapers  have a special loop system that’s been developed to be used in conjunction with the Velcro type fasteners. This loop tape can use a “locked loop” or a “brushed loop” in order to provide a softer texture or a stronger grip.

           


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